Perhaps humanity’s favourite drink is coffee. It tastes and smells great and it also invigorates and energises because it contains a special element - caffeine. There are different types of coffee beans. In this article we’ll learn more about their main qualities and differences. Types and kinds of this drink vary greatly. Below we’ll discuss them in detail.
There are many types of coffee in the world. However, in shops we often see coffee mixes, but sometimes there are also mono-types. It should be noted that one type of coffee can have different qualities depending on the year it was produced. The taste of the drink is influenced by many factors. It all depends on the number of sunny days, air temperature and the producing country. The conditions under which a coffee tree has been grown have a strong impact on its quality. There are many nuances.
Let’s consider the most popular types of coffee. The list is the following:
The first one is the main one. Arabica has an especially genteel taste. It is different from others in a tiny bit of sourness and an exquisite scent. It grows at the height from 900 to 2000 metres. The fruit of the trees from Columbia are considered to have the most caffeine. When choosing Arabica, it is important to remember several things, among them the type of soil and distance from the Equator. It is thought that a coffee tree grown on the plain has more caffeine that a tree planted in the mountains. It should also be noted that in shops it’s more likely to see a mix rather than a mono-sort. Arabica then can constitute around 80% of the product.
The next type is Robusta. It’s stronger, more bitter and contains more caffeine. It is rarely drunk in its pure form. Not many coffee fans would consider Robusta to be to their taste. That’s why for the most part this type of coffee is usually added to a coffee mix. It should be noted that Robusta is a less demanding tree than Arabica.
Liberica is also rarely drunk in its pure form. The quality of this type is not considered to be the best. It is also usually added to an already existing coffee mix. This type is also the rarest one.
The concept of «the best types of coffee» is not really objective. Every coffee drinker has their own preferences. It is also difficult to say how many sorts of coffee there are. Usually in shops there are different mixes. Every company has its own recipe which is kept as a secret. It can take a long time to create it. There are several important details that we should remember when choosing the drink:
- taste intensity;
- caffeine quantity;
Various Arabica mono-sorts are not very bitter - that’s why this type is usually augmented by ground pepper to increase this quality.
Robusta is more bitter and it translates into the mixes which contain it. Roasting can also have an impact on bitterness. Italian type of this procedure makes the mix more bitter and stronger. French roasting is considered to be weaker. Viennese variant results in a golden tint of the beans and a more expressive taste.
Sourness is more typical of Arabica. Robusta doesn’t have it. The most balanced here is a mix with 70% of Arabica. This proportion makes the taste more neutral. Sourness will increase if the mix contains more Arabica. Many coffee fans add lemon to make the drink more sour.
Taste intensity can also be different. Each mix here has its own characteristics and there can be different flavours. Caffeine quantity is also an important criterium for the choice. The more Robusta is in the mix, the more caffeine there is.